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Steven Lavender

  • Associate Professor, Orthopaedics
  • Associate Professor, Integrated Systems Engineering
  • 292 Baker Systems
    1971 Neil Avenue
    Columbus, OH 43210
  • 614-292-9980

Chapters

2006

  • 2006. "Application of Ergonomics to the Legs." In Fundamentals and assessment tools for occupational ergonomics: The occupational ergonomics handbook, edited by W.S. Marras and W. Karwowski,
  • 2006. "Training Lifting Techniques." In Interventions, controls, and applications in occupational ergonomics: The occupational ergonomics handbook, edited by W.S. Marras and W. Karwowski,
  • 2006. "Bakery: Cake Decorating Process." In Interventions, controls, and applications in occupational ergonomics: The occupational ergonomics handbook, edited by W.S. Marras and W. Karwowski,

2001

  • 2001. "Human Body Positioning Analysis." In International encyclopedia of ergonomics and human factors,

1999

  • 1999. "Ergonomic Principles applied to the prevention of injuries to the lower extremity." In CRC Handbook of Industrial Ergonomics, edited by W. Karwowski and W.S. Marras,

1997

  • 1997. "Evaluation of Muscle Function." In The Adult Spine: Principles and Practice, edited by J.W. Frymoyer,
  • 1997. "Job accommodation with respect to the lower extremity." In Musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace: principles and practice, edited by M. Nordin, G.B.J. Andersson, M.M. Pope, D. Leger,

1995

  • 1995. "Applications in ergonomics." In Three-dimensional analysis of human movement, edited by P. Allard, I.A.F. Stokes, J.P. Blanchi,

Journal Articles

2013

  • Lavender,Steven,A; Mehta,Jay,P; Allread,W,Gary, 2013, "Comparisons of tibial accelerations when walking on a wood composite vs. a concrete mezzanine surface." APPLIED ERGONOMICS 44, no. 5, 824-827 - 824-827.
  • Yen,Wei-Ting; Flinn,Sharon,R; Sommerich,Carolyn,M; Lavender,Steven,A; Sanders,Elizabeth,BN, 2013, "Preference of lid design characteristics by older adults with limited hand function." JOURNAL OF HAND THERAPY 26, no. 3, 261-271 - 261-271.
  • Lavender, S.A., Mehta, J.P., Allread, W.G., 2013, "Comparisons of Tibial Shock When Walking on Four Different Flooring Surface Materials Used in Distribution Centers." Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting N/A, 962-966 - 962-966.
  • Flinn, S.R., Sanders, E.B-N, Yen, W.T., Sommerich, C. M., Lavender, S.A., 2013, "Empowering persons with osteoarthritis through hands-on fabrication of adaptive equipment." Occupational Therapy International 20, 163-172 - 163-172.

2012

  • Lavender,Steven,A; Marras,William,S; Ferguson,Sue,A; Splittstoesser,Riley,E; Yang,Gang, 2012, "Developing Physical Exposure-Based Back Injury Risk Models Applicable to Manual Handling Jobs in Distribution Centers." JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HYGIENE 9, no. 7, 450-459 - 450-459.
  • Sommerich,Carolyn,M; Lavender,Steven,A; Umar,Radin,Zaid Radin; Le,Peter; Mehta,Jay; Ko,Pei-Ling; Farfan,Rafael; Dutt,Mohini; Park,Sanghyun, 2012, "A biomechanical and subjective assessment and comparison of three ambulance cot design configurations." ERGONOMICS 55, no. 11, 1350-1361 - 1350-1361.
  • Weiler,Monica,R; Lavender,Steven,A; Crawford,J,Mac; Reichelt,Paul,A; Conrad,Karen,M; Browne,Michael,W, 2012, "Identification of factors that affect the adoption of an ergonomic intervention among Emergency Medical Service workers.." Ergonomics 55, no. 11, 1362-1372 - 1362-1372.
  • Czuba,Laura,Rae; Sommerich,Carolyn,M; Lavender,Steven,A, 2012, "Ergonomic and safety risk factors in home health care: Exploration and assessment of alternative interventions." WORK-A JOURNAL OF PREVENTION ASSESSMENT & REHABILITATION 42, no. 3, 341-353 - 341-353.

2010

  • Marras,William,S; Lavender,Steven,A; Ferguson,Sue,A; Splittstoesser,Riley,E; Yang,Gang; Schabo,Pete, 2010, "Instrumentation for measuring dynamic spinal load moment exposures in the workplace." JOURNAL OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND KINESIOLOGY 20, no. 1, 1-9 - 1-9.
  • Marras,William,S; Lavender,Steven,A; Ferguson,Sue,A; Splittstoesser,Riley,E; Yang,Gang, 2010, "Quantitative Dynamic Measures of Physical Exposure Predict Low Back Functional Impairment." SPINE 35, no. 8, 914-923 - 914-923.
  • Marras,William,S; Lavender,Steven,A; Ferguson,Sue,A; Splittstoesser,Riley,E; Yang,Gang, 2010, "Quantitative biomechanical workplace exposure measures: Distribution centers." JOURNAL OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND KINESIOLOGY 20, no. 5, 813-822 - 813-822.

2008

  • Natarajan, R.N. Williams, J.R., Lavender, S.A., An, H.S., Andersson, G.B.J., 2008, "Relationship between disc injury and manual lifting - a poroelastic finite element model study." Journal of Engineering in Medicine 222, no. H, 195-207 - 195-207.
  • Natarajan,R,N; Williams,J,R; Lavender,S,A; An,H,S; Andersson,G,B, 2008, "Relationship between disc injury and manual lifting: a poroelastic finite element model study." PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART H-JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE 222, no. H2, 195-207 - 195-207.

2007

  • Sommerich,Carolyn,M; Lavender,Steven,A; Buford,John,A; Banks,Jacob,J; Korkmaz,Sahika,Vatan; Pease,William,S, 2007, "Towards development of a nonhuman primate model of carpal tunnel syndrome: Performance of a voluntary, repetitive pinching task induces median mononeuropathy in Macaca fascicularis." Journal of Orthopaedic Research 25, no. 6, 713-724 - 713-724.
  • Splittstoesser,Riley,E; Yang,Gang; Knapik,Greg,G; Trippany,David,R; Hoyle,Jeff,A; Lahoti,Parul; Korkmaz,Sahika,Vatan; Sommerich,Carolyn,M; Lavender,Steven,A; Marras,William,S, 2007, "Spinal loading during manual materials handling in a kneeling posture." Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 17, no. 1, 25-34 - 25-34.
  • Banks,Jacob,J; Lavender,Steven,A; Buford,John,A; Sommerich,Carolyn,M, 2007, "Measuring pad-pad pinch strength in a non-human primate: Macaca fascicularis." Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 17, no. 6, 725-730 - 725-730.
  • Natarajan,R,N; Williams,J,R; Lavender,S,A; Andersson,G,BJ, 2007, "Poro-elastic finite element model to predict the failure progression in a lumbar disc due to cyclic loading." COMPUTERS & STRUCTURES 85, no. 11-14, 1142-1151 - 1142-1151.

2006

  • Korkmaz,S,V; Hoyle,J,A; Knapik,G,G; Splittstoesser,R,E; Yang,G; Trippany,D,R; Lahoti,P; Sommerich,C,M; Lavender,S,A; Marras,W,S, 2006, "Baggage handling in an airplane cargo hold: An ergonomic intervention study." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS 36, no. 4, 301-312 - 301-312.
  • Lavender,S,A; Oleske,D,M; Andersson,G,BJ; Kwasny,M,JMorrissey, 2006, "Low-back disorder risk in automotive parts distribution." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS 36, no. 9, 755-760 - 755-760.

2002

  • Lavender, S.A., Lorenz, E., Andersson, G.B.J., 2002, "Does training on lifting techniques adversely affect case handling times?." Professional Safety 12, 30-35 - 30-35.
  • Lorenz, E.P., Lavender, S.A. Andersson, G.B.J., 2002, "The effectiveness of specific techniques taught in the lift training process." Physiotherapy Theory & Practice 18, 175-191 - 175-191.
  • Lavender, S.A., Marras, W.S., Sabol, R.J., 2002, "Mexican anthropometric data for workstation design." American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 63, 300-304 - 300-304.

2001

  • Chen, B., Lavender, S., Andersson, G.B.J., 2001, "The magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine in out-patients with low back pain." Journal of Musculoskeletal Research 5, 261-267 - 261-267.

1998

  • Lavender, S.A., Chen, S.H., Li, Y.C., Andersson, G.B.J., 1998, "The effectiveness of a lifting belt in reducing muscle loading of the spine during maximal and submaximal pulling tasks on slippery and non-slippery surfaces." Human Factors 40, 159-172 - 159-172.

1995

  • McNeil, T.W., Andersson, G.B.J., Schell, B., Sinkora, G., Nelson, J., Lavender, S.A., 1995, "Epidural administration of Methylprednisolone and morphine for pain a spinal operation." J. of Bone and Joint Surgery 77A, 1814-1818 - 1814-1818.
  • Marras, W.S., Lavender, S.A., Leurgans, S.E., Fathallah, F.A., Ferguson, S.A., Allread, W.G., Rajulu, S.L., 1995, "Trunk motion and occupationally related low back disorder risk." Ergonomics 38, 377-410 - 377-410.
  • Lavender,S,A; KENYERI,R, 1995, "LIFTING BELTS - A PSYCHOPHYSICAL ANALYSIS." ERGONOMICS 38, no. 9, 1723-1727 - 1723-1727.

1994

  • Lavender,S; TRAFIMOW,J; Andersson,G,BJ; MAYER,R,S; Chen,I,H, 1994, "TRUNK MUSCLE ACTIVATION - THE EFFECTS OF TORSO FLEXION, MOMENT DIRECTION, AND MOMENT MAGNITUDE." SPINE 19, no. 7, 771-778 - 771-778.

1993

  • Marras,W,S; Lavender,S,A; Leurgans,S,E; Rajulu,S,L; Allread,W,G; Fathallah,F,A; Ferguson,S,A, 1993, "THE ROLE OF DYNAMIC 3-DIMENSIONAL TRUNK MOTION IN OCCUPATIONALLY-RELATED LOW-BACK DISORDERS - THE EFFECTS OF WORKPLACE FACTORS, TRUNK POSITION, AND TRUNK MOTION CHARACTERISTICS ON RISK OF INJURY." Spine 18, no. 5, 617-628 - 617-628.
  • Lavender, S.A., Andersson, G.B.J., 1993, "Ergonomic principles applied to the lumbar spine." J. of Disability 3, 1-15 - 1-15.

1989

  • Lavender,S,A; Mirka,G,A; SCHOENMARKLIN,R,W; Sommerich,C,M; SUDHAKAR,L,R; Marras,W,S, 1989, "THE EFFECTS OF PREVIEW AND TASK SYMMETRY ON TRUNK MUSCLE RESPONSE TO SUDDEN LOADING." HUMAN FACTORS 31, no. 1, 101-115 - 101-115.

Unknown

  • Mehta, J.P., Lavender, S.A., "Exploring Fatigue related Behavioral and Motor Coordination changes associated with Asymmetric Repetitive Lifting Activity." Ergonomics
  • Darragh, A.R., Sommerich, C., Lavender, S., Tanner, K.B., Vogel, K., Campo, M., "Musculoskeletal Discomfort, Physical Demand and Caregiving Activities in Informal Caregivers." Journal of Applied Gerontology

Presentations

  • "Does training on lifting techniques adversely affect case handling times?." 2002, Presented at American Society of Safety Engineers Monthly Meeting,
  • "Understanding Low Back Pain." 2005, Presented at Honda Environmental & Safety/Ergonomics Supplier Symposium,
  • "Teaming Management and Employees to Identify and Address Ergonomics Issues That Matter in Distribution Centers." 2011, Presented at Promat 2011,
  • "Distribution Center Ergonomics: Assessing Back Injury Risk and Developing Interventions." 2011, Presented at 2011 Ohio Safety Congress,
  • "Addressing the Patient Handling Needs of Imaging Technologists." 2011, Presented at The 11th Annual Safe Patient Handling and Movement Conference,
  • "Applying an Ergonomics Approach (for lifting and moving) to EMS Providers." 2012, Presented at 2012 Local Heros Conference,
  • "Distribution Center Ergonomics: Developing Interventions to Prevent Back Injuries." 2012, Presented at IIE Annual Conference and Expo,
  • "Stair Descent Devices: An Ergonomic Evaluation of Evacuation Equipment Used by Firefighters.." 2012, Presented at National Fire Protection Association annual meeting,
  • "Reducing musculoskeletal injuries in the fire service: A program of participatory research.." 2004, Presented at University of Michigan’s Center for Occupational Health and Safety Engineering NORA seminar series,,
  • "A comparison of the physical demands experienced when using different sled-type emergency stair descent devices that could be used for hospital healthcare facility evacuations." 2013, Presented at HFES 2013 International Symposium on Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care: Advancing the cause,
  • "Distribution Center Ergonomics: Assessing Back Injury Risk and Developing Interventions." 2013, Presented at 2013 Ohio Safety Congress,
  • "Designing Hospital Patent Rooms to Meet the Ergonomic Needs of Occupational Stakeholders." 2014, Presented at Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care: Advancing the cause,
  • "Bringing Ergonomics to Distribution Centers." 2014, Presented at MODEX Show,
  • "Trunk muscle co contraction in twisted trunk postures." 1992, Presented at Industrial Engineering Research Conference,
  • "Dynamic 3-Dimensional Trunk Motion in Occupational Low Back Disorders." 1993, Presented at Preventitive Medicine Grand Rounds,
  • "Baggage Handling in an Aircraft Cargo Hold: The Potential for Ergonomic Interventions." 2005, Presented at American Industrial Hygiene Conference & Expo,
  • "Ergonomic Interventions aimed at EMS workers." 2005, Presented at Ergonomic Interventions and Research: Preventing Musculoskeletal Disorders in Healthcare, Construction, and Other Industries,
  • "Development of a New Technique for Assessing Back Disorder Risk in Distribution Work." 2006, Presented at Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders,
  • "Ergonomic in the Workforce." 2006, Presented at OSU/OSHA Safety Day,
  • "Distribution Center Ergonomics: Assessing Back Injury Risk and Developing Interventions." 2012, Presented at MODEX,
  • "Controlling Musculoskeletal Risk in Distribution Centers." 2012, Presented at 2012 Ohio Safety Congress,
  • "Enabling people to work smarter, Not Harder: Incorporating ergonomic principles into material handing systems." 2013, Presented at Material Handling Teachers Institute,
  • "How Can we Evacuate Individuals with Disabilities from High Rise Buildings Safely and Efficiently?." 2013, Presented at Invited seminar lecture, Industrial & Systems Engineering,,
  • "Applied Ergonomics Tools: The Ergonomist’s Wish List." 2014, Presented at The 17th Annual Applied Ergonomics Conference,
  • "Stair Descent Device Performance: Current Research and Standards Efforts." 2014, Presented at FEMA Getting Real II: Promising practices in inclusive emergency management for the whole community.,
  • "The Role of Back Belts in the Prevention of Low Back Pain." 1997, Presented at Current Topics in Occupational and Environmental Medicine,
  • "Measuring hazards in your workplace." 1997, Presented at Practical applications in ergonomics today,
  • "The effects of sudden loads on low back tissues." 1998, Presented at University of Michigan Industrial Engieering Seminar Series,
  • "Back Belt Efficacy: NIOSH Laboratory and Epidemiologic Studies." 1999, Presented at American Public Health Association, Annual Meeting,
  • "High Risk Patient Handling Tasks for EMTs." 2008, Presented at 8th Annual Safe Patient Handling and Movement Conference,
  • "Safe Transporting of Patients Down Stairs: Solutions for EMS." 2009, Presented at 9th Annual Safe Patient Handling and Movement Conference,
  • "Imaging Technologists: Patient Handling Needs and Interventions." 2012, Presented at The 12th Annual Safe Patient Handling and Movement Conference,
  • "Care Activities that Place Family Caregivers at Risk." 2012, Presented at The 12th Annual Safe Patient Handling and Movement Conference,
  • "Participatory ergonomics applied to radiographers work." 2013, Presented at HFES 2013 International Symposium on Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care: Advancing the cause,
  • "Ergonomic Evaluation of Stair Descent Devices used for the Evacuation of High Rise Buildings." 2013, Presented at National Fire Protection Association annual meeting,
  • "Load and go with Ergo, How do we train this?." 2013, Presented at 5th Annual Instructor Development Symposium: Instruments for Instructional Improvement,
  • "xlii. Preventing Injuries That Result From Lifting: Taking the Science Behind Spine Biomechanics Into Industry." 2000, Presented at American Society of Biomechanic,
  • "Sudden Loading: What We Know About Minimizing Injury Potential." 2000, Presented at International seminar for scientists with interest and experience in Low Back Pain among workers in the health care sector,
  • "Lifting Techniques for First Responders." 2005, Presented at Ohio Safety Congress and Expo,
  • "An Aggressive Training Intervention Designed to Reduce Low Back Stress During Manual Material Handling." 2000, Presented at BEACON symposium: Advances in Biodynamics and Ergonomics, Improving health and human performance and identifying opportunities for technology transfer,

Papers in Proceedings

2013

  • Yen, W.T., Sommerich, C., Lavender, S., Flinn, S., Sanders E. "Product Physical Interface Design Characteristics for Older Adults with Hand Use Limitations: Laboratory Study." (1 2013).

2012

  • Lavender, S., Mehta, J, Park, S., Hedman, G., Reichelt, P., Conrad, K. "Ergonomic evaluation of manually carried and track-type stair descent devices used for the evacuation of high rise buildings." (1 2012).

2011

  • Sommerich, C.M., Lavender, S., Sanders, E., Evans, K., Joines, S., Yen, W.T., Lamar, Umar, R.Z.R. "Participatory ergonomics applied to sonographers work." (1 2011).
  • Umar, R,Z.R., Sommerich, C., Evans, K., Lavender, S., Sanders, E., Yen, W.T., Joines, S., Lamar, S. "Ergonomic interventional design of an articulating arm for echocardiography application: front-end design and pilot study." (1 2011).
  • Yen, W.T., Sommerich, C., Lavender, S., Flinn, S., Sanders, E. "Product physical interface design characteristics for older adults with hand use limitations: Exploration of users’ experiences." (1 2011).

2010

  • Sommerich, C.M., Lavender, S.A., Sanders, E., Lamar, S., Evans, K., Joines, S., Yen, W.T. "Participatory ergonomics applied to mammographers’ work." (1 2010).

2009

  • Marras, W.S., Lavender, S.A., Ferguson, S.A., Splittstoesser, R.E., Yang, G. "Dynamic load moment exposure and spine function impairment." (1 2009).
  • Lavender, S.A., Johnson, M. "What transfer distance minimizes the spine twisting and side bending moments?." (1 2009).

2008

  • Jagacinski, R.J., Kim, T.H., Lavender, S.A. "Rhythmic force patterns in the golf swing." (1 2008).

2007

  • Ferguson, S.A., Marras, W.S., Lavender, S.A., Splittstoesser, R.E., Yang, G., Schabo, P.A. "Differences between lifting and lowering manual material handling tasks in distribution centers." (1 2007).
  • Sommerich CM, Lavender SA, Buford, JA, Korkmaz SV, Banks JJ, Pease WS "Effects of a repetitive moderately forceful pinching task on sensory nerve conduction velocity: A primate model of carpal tunnel syndrome.." in PREMUS 2007. (1 2007).
  • Splittstoesser RE, Korkmaz SV, Sommerich CM, Lavender SA "A comparison of computer workstation adjustments made by users following web-based instructions and those of an ergonomics professional.." in Proceedings of The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 51st Annual Meeting. (1 2007).
  • Ferguon SA, Marras WS, Lavender SA, Splittstoesser RE, Yang G, Schabo PA "Differences between lifting and lowering manual material handling tasks in distribution centers.." in Proceedings of The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 51st Annual Meeting. (1 2007).
  • Lavender SA, Marras W, Ferguson SA, Splittstoesser R, Yang R, Schabo P. "Quantifying load moment exposure in distribution center work.." in PREMUS 2007. (1 2007).

2006

  • Sommerich, C.M., Lavender, S.A., Buford, J.A., Banks, J., Vatan-Korkmaz, S., Pease, W.S., Moran, S. "Developing a non-human primate experimental model for studying Carpal tunnel syndrome." (1 2006).

2005

  • Yang, G., Splittstoesser, R., Knapik, G., Vatan Korkmaz, S., Hoyle, J., Lahoti, P., Lavender, S.A., Sommerich, C.M., Marras, W.S. "Comparison of spinal loads in kneeling and standing postures during manual materials handling." (1 2005).

2004

  • Marras, W.S. and Lavender, S.A. "The monitoring of load moment exposure in the workplace." (1 2004).

2001

  • Lavender, S.A., Lorenz, E., Andersson, G.B.J. "Does training on lifting techniques adversely affect case handling times?." (1 2001).

1998

  • Lavender, S.A., Shakeel, K., Thomas, J.S., Andersson, G.B.J. "Does a lifting belt protect the spine during sudden unexpected loading?." (1 1998).

1997

  • Thomas, J.S., Lavender, S.A., Corcos, D.M., Andersson, G.B.J. "Trunk kinematics and trunk muscle activity during a suddenly applied bending moment." (1 1997).

1995

  • Lavender, S.A., Li, Y.C., Natarajan, R.N., Andersson, G.B.J. "The effects of lifting speed and load magnitude on the torsional and lateral bending moments during twisting." (1 1995).
  • Lavender, S.A., and Miller, J. "The effects of cardboard slipsheets between layers of beverage products on side-load delivery trucks: A trunk motion study." (1 1995).

1992

  • Marras,W,S; Lavender,S,A; Leurgans,S,E; Rajulu,S,L; Allread,W,G; Fathallah,F,A; Ferguson,S,A "INDUSTRIAL QUANTIFICATION OF OCCUPATIONALLY-RELATED LOW-BACK DISORDER RISK-FACTORS." in 36TH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE HUMAN FACTORS SOC : INNOVATIONS FOR INTERACTIONS. (1 1992).
  • Lavender,S; TRAFIMOW,J; Andersson,G,BJ; Mayer,S; Chen,I,H "TRUNK MUSCLE ACTIVATION - THE EFFECTS OF TORSO FLEXION, MOMENT DIRECTION, AND MOMENT MAGNITUDE." in 1992 ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS AND SAFETY CONF ( AIIESC 92 ). (1 1992).

1991

  • Lavender, S.A., Andersson, G.B.J., Tsuang, Y.H., Hafezi, A. "Coactivation of the trunk musculature during isometric loading of the torso with non sagittally symmetric force vectors." (1 1991).
  • Lavender, S.A. "The changes in preparatory response strategies seen prior to sudden loading of the torso due to the use of a temporal warning stimulus." (1 1991).
  • Nussbaum, M.A., Lavender, S.A., Hughes, R.E., Chaffin, D.B., Andersson, G.B.J. "Predicting torso muscle activity during asymmetric load: A comparison of three optimization models." (1 1991).
  • Lavender,S; Andersson,G,BJ; Tsuang,Y,H; Hafezi,A "TRUNK MUSCLE COACTIVATION - THE EFFECTS OF LOAD ASYMMETRY AND LOAD MAGNITUDE." in 35TH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE HUMAN FACTORS SOC. (1 1991).
  • Lavender,S; Andersson,G,BJ; Tsuang,Y,H; Hafezi,A "TRUNK MUSCLE COACTIVATION - THE EFFECTS OF LOAD ASYMMETRY AND LOAD MAGNITUDE." in 35TH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE HUMAN FACTORS SOC. (1 1991).

1990

  • Lavender, S.A. "The development of preparatory strategies in anticipation of sudden loading of the torso." (1 1990).

1989

  • Lavender, S.A., Sommerich, C.M., and Marras, W.S. "Temporal variability in trunk muscular activation in response to unexpected sudden loading conditions." (1 1989).

1988

  • Sudhakar, L.R., Schoenmarklin, R.W., Lavender, S.A., and Marras, W.S. "The effects of gloves on grip strength and muscle activity." (1 1988).
  • Lavender, S.A., Sommerich, C.M., Sudhakar, L.R., and Marras, W.S. "Trunk muscle loading in non sagittally symmetric postures as a result of sudden unexpected loading conditions." (1 1988).

1987

  • Lavender, S.A. and Marras, W.S. "The effects of seam height, scaling method, and bar weight distribution on scaling effectiveness and electromyographic activity." (1 1987).

1986

  • Lavender, S.A., Marras, W.S. "Analysis of Hand tool use in the underground mining industries." (1 1986).
  • Marras, W.S., Lavender, S.A., Rangarajulu, S.L. "The effects of expectation of trunk loading." (1 1986).

Patents

  • Johnson,Lee,Edward; Lavender,Steven,Alan. "System for analyzing the motion of lifting an object." Patent number: 6050963