Dean Ayanna Howard named ACM Athena Lecturer
The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) today named Ayanna Howard, dean of The Ohio State University College of Engineering, as the 2021-2022 ACM Athena Lecturer. Howard is recognized for fundamental contributions to the development of accessible human-robotic systems and artificial intelligence, along with forging new paths to broaden participation in computing through entrepreneurial and mentoring efforts. Her contributions span theoretical foundations, experimental evaluation, and practical applications.
Howard is a leading roboticist, entrepreneur, and educator whose research includes dexterous manipulation, robot learning, field robotics, and human-robot interaction. She is a leader in studying the overtrust that people place in robots in various autonomous decision-making settings. In addition to her stellar research record, Howard has a strong record of service that demonstrates her commitment to advancing the field and broadening participation.
“Ayanna Howard is a trailblazer in vital research areas, including topics such as trust and bias in AI, which will continue to be front-and-center in society in the coming years,” said ACM President Gabriele Kotsis. “The quality of her research has made her a thought leader in developing accessible human-robot interaction systems. Both as an entrepreneur and mentor, Ayanna Howard has worked to increase the participation of women and underrepresented groups in computing. For all these reasons, she is precisely the kind of leader ACM seeks to recognize with the Athena Lecturer Award.”
Initiated in 2006, the ACM Athena Lecturer Award celebrates women researchers who have made fundamental contributions to computer science. The award carries a cash prize of $25,000, with financial support provided by Two Sigma. The Athena Lecturer gives an invited talk at a major ACM conference of her choice.
ACM officials specified research advancements in several fields and a commitment to outreach that contributed to her selection.
Her doctoral research on dexterous robotic manipulation of deformable objects proposed some of the first ideas on the modeling of deformable objects via physical simulation, such that they could be robustly grasped by robot arms. This work also demonstrated how neural networks could be trained to extract the minimum force required for subsequent deformable object manipulation tasks.
Terrain Classification of Field Robots
Terrain classification is critical for many robots operating in unstructured natural field environments, including navigating the Arctic or determining safe landing locations on the surface of Mars. Howard’s work introduced fuzzy logic methods to model environmental uncertainty that advanced the state of the art in field robotics, including finding evidence of never-before-observed life on Antarctica’s sea floor.
Robotics for Children with Special Needs
Howard studied the ways in which socially-effective robots could improve the access and scalability of services for children with special needs, as well as potentially improve outcomes through the engaging nature of robots. In adapting her contributions to real-world settings for assistive technology for children, her work has also provided first-of-its-kind computer vision techniques that analyze the movement of children to devise therapeutic measures.
Overtrust in Robotics and AI Systems
Howard is a leader in modeling trust among humans, robots and AI systems, including conversational agents, emergency response scenarios, autonomous navigation systems, child-robot interaction, and the use of lethal force. Her work introduced human-robot interaction algorithms that, for the first time, quantified the impact of robot mistakes on human trust in a realistic, simulated, and very high-risk scenario. This work has led to better understanding of the biases and social inequities underlying AI and robotic systems.
Broadening participation in computing
Howard has created and led numerous programs designed to engage, recruit, and retain students and faculty from groups that are historically underrepresented in computing, including several NSF-funded Broadening Participation in Computing initiatives. She was the PI or co-PI for: Popularizing Computing in the Mainstream, which focused on creating interventions to engage underrepresented groups in the computing field; Advancing Robotics for Societal Impact Alliance, an initiative to provide mentorship to computer science faculty and students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs); and Accessible Robotic Programming for Students with Disabilities, an initiative to engage middle- and high school students with disabilities in robotics-based programming activities. She also led and co-founded efforts to broaden participation in the field through the IEEE Robotics PhD Forum and the CRA-WP Graduate Cohort Workshop for Inclusion, Diversity, Equity, Accessibility, and Leadership Skills.
As part of her service to the field, Howard has held key roles on various editorial boards and conference/program committees. Some of her more high-profile efforts have included co-organizing the AAAI Symposium on Accessible Hands-on AI and Robotics Education, the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, the International Conference on Social Robotics, and the IEEE Workshop on Advanced Robotics and Its Social Impacts.